Simple bash shell script for running batch MySQL jobs
By Barrett Griffith · Tuesday, October 16, 2012
The other day I needed to run a simple mysql job to backup and delete some database records on a live server. Being a live server, it is important to make sure you aren't asking the database to take on jobs that could potentially lock it up. Better to run a batch job. Running a batch is simple. You can call it right from the mysql console with:
But what if there are millions of records that need deleting? Bash shell script to the rescue.
Here is the idea of the SQL job that needed to get run a few times:
START TRANSACTION; /* Find what you want to delete and put a LIMIT on your batch size */ CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE records_to_delete_temp SELECT id from `records` where ..... limit 1000; /* Creating backup table to archive spam orders */ CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `records_backup` LIKE `records`; INSERT INTO `records_backup` SELECT * from `records` where id in (select id from `records_to_delete_temp`); /* Delete Dependents - If your records have foreign key dependencies, delete them first */ DELETE FROM `dependent_1` where record_id in (select id from `records_to_delete_temp`); DELETE FROM `dependent_2` where record_id in (select id from `records_to_delete_temp`); /* Delete the records */ DELETE FROM `records` where id in (select id from `records_to_delete_temp`); /* Return count of remaining records - the where clause should be the same as the original select for the records to delete */ SELECT COUNT(*) from `records` where .... ; COMMIT ;
This will return the remaining record count to the shell script.
And the shell script...
ret=$(mysql -u [user] -p[password] --skip-column-names [database_name] < [the_batch_script].sql) while [ $ret -gt 0 ] do echo "rows left: $ret" sleep 3 ret=$(mysql -u [user] -p[password] --skip-column-names [database_name] < [the_batch_script].sql) done
This is the little nugget that gives you clean output from the mysql script. Without --skip-column-names you will have to get more creative with parsing the returned table.
Just a friendly reminder, no space after the -p option.
Should you really be running batches to remove millions of records from a live server with a shell script?
Just because you can doesn't mean you should. Before pulling the trigger, back up, consider what could go wrong, have a plan in place to address the possible failure.
Find something fun for your hands to do while bash takes care of running the jobs. At the least, cross your fingers!